During a capital market transaction, the deal structure is arranged so as to specify the financial terms, conditions, and provisions for the completion of the transaction. The deal structure outlines a set of terms that will help guide the transfer of ownership in a certain business/asset. Choosing the best structure for a merger or acquisition is critical to the deal’s success for both parties. There are generally three options for structuring a merger or acquisition deal: Stock purchase, Asset sale/purchase, and merger. The deal structure will typically indicate whether the transaction is leveraged, unleveraged, a joint venture, or will include convertible/participating debt, or a traditional debt transaction.